العيادات المتحدة بالمدينة المنورةسعد بن خيثمة - حي العهن 2226 بجوار ، الإبتدائية التاسع والأربعون ، Al Ihn، المدينة المنورة 42319، المملكة العربية السعودية, المدينة المنورة
Prostate cancer is the type of cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system and is an organ that surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. The prostate is responsible for producing seminal fluid.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, with 1 in 8 men affected. Every year, 11,000 men die from prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer can be categorised into four stages, indicating how far the cancer has spread:
Prostate cancer often does not present any symptoms at first. The symptoms that occur when the cancer starts to progress include:
If the cancer spreads to the lymph node or pelvic bone, symptoms can include:
The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown. Your risk of getting prostate cancer depends on:
Prostate cancer diagnosis consists of several stages. At first, the doctor will assess your likelihood of having prostate cancer by taking a urine sample, testing your blood for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and examining your prostate. If they conclude you may have a high risk of prostate cancer, they will refer you for further tests. This can include:
Treatment options depend on the stage of the cancer and the state of health of the patient.
For slow-growing cancer that is contained within the prostate cancer, the doctor may suggest a wait and see approach, where the prostate is regularly monitored but treatment delayed until necessary.
If the cancer requires treatment but has not spread outside the prostate gland, the most common treatments are: