مستشفى سليمان الحبيب / التخصصيشارع التخصصي،الرحمانية، Ar Rahmaniyyah, Riyadh 12344, Saudi Arabia, الرياض
The liver is a major organ, with the main function of filtering the blood that goes around the body and producing bile that breaks down foods in the small intestine. If the liver becomes so diseased or damaged that it cannot heal, known as liver failure, then it may be necessary for it to be transplanted with a replacement healthy one.
The main causes of liver damage and cirrhosis include:
Because donor livers are difficult to come by, and because there is a long waiting list of recipients for donor livers, there is a strict assessment of who is suitable for a liver transplant.
A patient is considered a suitable recipient if there lifespan would be shorter without having the transplant, and that there is at least a 50% chance of surviving for five years following transplantation.
The different ways that a liver transplant can be carried out are:
Following liver transplant surgery, the recipient patient should see an almost instant improvement of the symptoms they were experiencing from the diseased liver. Patients will often be able to return to their usual activities within a few months, but complete recovery may take much longer.
A transplant patient will need to take immunosuppressant drugs for the rest of their life to stop the body rejecting the donor liver.
There can be some risks following liver transplant surgery, despite the outlook being good in most cases, with around eight out of ten liver transplant patients going on to live for at least five more years, and many living for more than 20 years.
The main problems with liver transplant surgery include:
To make an appointment with a liver specialist, click here.