- الجراحة بالمنظار
- جراحة المسالك البولية
- جراحة المهبل التجميلية
- إستئصال الرحم
- تكيسات المبايض
- جراحة المهبل الترميمية
Vulval (or vulvar) cancer happens when tumour cells start developing in the vulva. The vulva is a woman's external genitals. It includes the lips surrounding the vagina (labia minora and labia majora), the clitoris, the vaginal orifice and the urinary meatus. Vulval cancer can spread to the vagina, the ovaries, the uterus and the Fallopian tubes.
Vulval cancer is relatively rare, with around 1,300 cases diagnosed in the UK each year. It is more common in older women over the age of 65.
There are several kinds of vulval cancer:
The most common symptoms are:
If you have started a targeted therapy to treat these symptoms and they haven’t gone away, you will need to see a gynaecologist.
To diagnose vulval cancer, the gynaecologist will examine your vulva. In case there’s any anomalies, the doctor will have you do some specific tests. These may include:
The exact cause of vulval cancer is unknown, but certain things can increase your chances of developing the condition:
You can prevent HPV infection (which can lead to vulval cancer) by getting a vaccine.
You should also avoid secondary risk factors such as smoking and obesity, and remember to go for a gynaecological check-up at least once a year.
Treatment varies according to which stage the tumour has reached and to your general state of health. This is essential, as a lot of the women who get this type of cancer are over the age of 65.
The most common treatments include:
The first examination will be done by a gynaecologist, who could refer you to an oncologist specialised in the gynaecological field. Should it be necessary, the oncologist will have you see an oncological surgeon or a radiotherapist, based on which treatment you need.