مستشفى دلةفاس ، النخيل ، الرياض 12381 ، المملكة العربية السعودية, الرياض
During foetal development, the uterus is formed from two small tubes, called Paramesonephric ducts or Müllerian ducts, which unite to form a single, larger organ: the uterus. However, sometimes these tubes do not unite in the center of the pelvis or do so irregularly, and that is what a uterine malformation is. The most common of these are:
Uterine malformations can significantly affect a woman's fertility, and can be the cause of repeated miscarriages. The consequences on fertility will depend on the type of malformation that the patient suffers from.
In some cases these malformations do not show symptoms, so women get the diagnosis in routine gynaecological examinations or some do not realise until after getting pregnant
In other cases, the most common symptoms of uterine malformations are:
Uterine malformations develop during pregnancy, and the main factors have a genetic cause or prenatal environmental factors.
A uterine malformation that does not cause symptoms does not usually require treatment. However, if the malformation if causing problems, then surgery will be considered. Surgical intervention aims to fix the malformation and can often be performed laparoscopically with a hysteroscope.
On the other hand, many women with uterine malformations turn to assisted reproduction technology to improve their fertility and to be able to have children. The most common technique used in these cases is In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF).
The specialists that diagnose and treat uterine malformations are obstetricians and gynaecologists. If a mlaformation is detected, then regular gyanecological examinations are required to ensure problems do not occur, or if they do, they are treated accordingly.