مستشفى أبها الخاص العالميالامام محمد بن سعود، السد،، As Sadd, Abha 62521, Saudi Arabia, أبها
Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle, known as the myocardium. It can affect the heart muscle and electrical system. It reduces the heart’s ability to pump blood and produces abnormal or fast heart rhythms, which are known as arrhythmias.
Severe myocarditis can significantly weaken the heart, meaning the rest of the body isn’t supplied enough blood. Clots can form in the heart, this can lead to a heart attack or a stroke.
Symptoms vary according to the seriousness of the disease. In early stages, or if it is a mild myocarditis case, the patient may not have any symptoms, or they may be very mild. These may include difficulty breathing or slight chest pain.
In more severe cases, symptoms will vary depending on the cause of the myocarditis. The most common symptoms are:
If a child has myocarditis, it is known as paediatric myocarditis. Symptoms include:
Diagnosing myocarditis is not simple as there are many diseases that have similar symptoms. When a patient goes to the appointment, the specialist may notice a rapid heartbeat or abnormal sounds when listening through the stethoscope. A physical exam can detect fluid in the lungs and leg swelling.
There may be signs of infection, fever, and rashes. An X-ray will show if there is any inflammation in the heart. The specialist may use an ECG (electrocardiogram) to diagnose the condition.
Other medical tests that can help diagnose myocarditis include:
The cause for myocarditis is not always obvious, however, it is known that certain infections can trigger it including viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi.
Myocarditis may appear in people who have been exposed to:
There isn’t a known way to prevent myocarditis, however the following guidelines can be taken to avoid infections that could increase the risk of myocarditis:
Myocarditis can improve on its own but often requires treatment before signs of improvement are seen. Myocarditis treatment depends on the symptoms and causes.
Treatment can include:
There are treatments for cases in which a deficiency is causing heart failure or arrhythmias. If the heart is weak, medications can be prescribed to reduce its workload. These may include; angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta-blockers, and diuretics.
When treating severe myocarditis, a more aggressive form of treatment is often opted for, it may include: