- زراعة الأسنان
- جراحة الفم
- عملية تجميل الوجه
- تقويم الأسنان التجميلي
- طب الأسنان
اوكي كلينك7228 طريق الملك عبد العزيز ، الربيع ، الرياض 13315 ، المملكة العربية السعودية, الرياض
Mouth cancer or oral cancer is the most common type of head and neck cancer. It can affect:
Cancer is a serious disease with a high mortality rate worldwide. In the case of oral cancer, the prognosis of the disease depends on numerous factors, such as the location and size of the tumour, the person’s state of health and their diseases and comorbidities. However, the most influential factors in the prognosis are the stage of development of the tumour when detected, the depth of the tumour, if it has metastasised to other tissues or if the lymph nodes have been affected.
If oral cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, it has a 90% cure rate. However, squamous cell carcinomas are tumours that often spread rapidly to other parts of the body, such as the throat and neck, decreasing survival rates.
The main symptom of oral cancer is leukoplakia, a whitish, ulcer-like plaque that appears on the affected tissue and then darkens and spreads. There is no initial pain, but as it spreads it becomes painful.
Other symptoms of mouth cancer include:
Smoking or excessive alcohol consumption are associated with most cases of mouth cancer. Other factors that cause oral cancer include chronic irritation, infection due to human papillomavirus (HPV), taking medications that weaken the immune system, or poor oral and dental hygiene. Men over the age of 40 are the most affected by this pathology.
The main tests performed to detect oral cancer are as follows:
Prevention of oral cancer involves avoiding the main risk factors. Therefore, avoiding alcohol abuse and not smoking is key to preventing tumours, in addition to maintaining healthy habits and a balanced diet. Also essential is proper daily dental and oral hygiene.
Early detection is essential for the treatment of mouth cancer.
Treatment consists of surgically removing the tumour if it is small. If the tumour is large, radiotherapy or chemotherapy will be used. The type of surgery varies according to where the tumour is located and it may entail the complete removal of an organ. The most important thing in the treatment is to remove the entire tumour along with a margin of healthy tissue to prevent it from spreading.
In addition to surgery, the person may also need reconstruction and other procedures to improve their quality of life, such as jaw reconstruction, a gastrostomy tube that allows them to feed themselves, or a tracheotomy to improve breathing.
Immunotherapy may also be recommended.
Treatment for mouth cancer may require multidisciplinary care, involving oncologists, radiologists, general surgeons, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and dentists. Psychologists and psychiatrists may also be needed to help the affected person and their family to cope with treatment.
Oral cancer affects areas and organs that are fundamental for basic functions such as communication and nutrition, so in addition to physiotherapists to help them recover their physical strength and mobility, a speech therapist may also be required to treat the sequelae and impairments in speech, chewing and swallowing.