بدائل الجراحة التخصصية للألم المزمن والأمراض المزمنة7994 شارع خالد بن الوليد ، الحمرا ، الرياض 13216 ، المملكة العربية السعودية, الرياض
Treatment with morphine is a procedure used to reduce moderate to high levels of pain. Morphine should only be used to alleviate pain so strong that other analgesics or painkillers can’t help. Morphine is a very strong treatment, from the opioid family, and it is used to alleviate intense pain, to improve breathing and avoid choking sensation, as well as help manage anxiety. Morphine is part of a group of medications called opioid analgesics, also known as narcotics. It is very effective at providing comfort to terminal patients. It changes the way that the brain and nervous system respond to pain.
The main reason morphine is used is that it can distort the mind’s perception of pain. Morphine treatment is used when the pain is so strong that no other treatment is able to help. When morphine is in our system it has various effects, it reduces breathing and heart rates as well as slowing down brain function.
This type of medication works on the opioid receptors, those that are responsible for administering pain to the nervous system. These react to natural compounds, such as endorphins, which is why morphine tries to mimic these compounds and block pain messages to the brain. When morphine reaches these receptors, the analgesic effect is transmitted, through a cascade of G proteins, the most common way of cell signalling. These proteins increase the transmission in potassium channels, decrease it in calcium channels, and inhibit the adenylate cyclase.
Before using morphine as a treatment, you should check to see if you have any of the following conditions, if so your doctor will keep a close eye on your treatment.
Overuse of morphine can cause dependence and tolerance to it. If treatment is suddenly interrupted and you have become morphine dependent, it can cause withdrawal. Some withdrawal symptoms may be present after administering opioid antagonist (naloxone or naltrexone) or agonist / antagonist (pentazocine). Medical professionals will take special care when treating young patients, elderly patients, weakened patients, or patients with renal or hepatic insufficiency, who may be more sensitive to the effects of morphine.
Taking morphine can sometimes cause side effects. The cause should always be diagnosed. If you suffer any of the following symptoms, it is advisable that you see a doctor:
There are other more serious side effects. If you experience one of these, you should see a doctor immediately or go to A&E.