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What is juvenile arthritis?


Juvenile arthritis, otherwise known as paediatric rheumatic disease, is a term used to describe a number of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that can develop in children. The tissue on the inside of the joints (synovium tissue) can become inflamed due to a fault with the autoimmune system, which usually protects the body, where the immune system attacks the synovium tissue.



 


What are the causes of juvenile arthritis?


Juvenile arthritis is idiopathic, meaning no cause is known, though it is thought to be genetic, or triggered by certain infections or environmental triggers though no evidence has been discovered to support this.


What are the symptoms of juvenile arthritis?


There are a number of different types of juvenile arthritis, each with differing symptoms. Common symptoms include:




Types of juvenile arthritis:


Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common form of arthritis found in children. This type of arthritis can appear in five different forms. These are:




Treatment for juvenile arthritis:


Though there is no cure for juvenile arthritis, it can be treated until it goes into remission, and many forms of juvenile arthritis don’t last into adulthood. Treatment options include medication, physical activity, healthy eating and taking good care of the eyes if they become affected.