مستشفى المواساةمخرج 9 شارع أبي جعفر المنصور ، غرناطة ، الرياض 13241 ، المملكة العربية السعودية, الرياض
أليانز السعودي الفرنسي
A cerebrovascular accident is the medical term for the common term ‘stroke’. A cerebrovascular accident occurs when blood flowing to a particular part of the brain is halted by a blood vessel rupturing, or by some blockage. This starves the brain of oxygen and as a result, brain cells die.
Strokes can be caused in different ways, the commonest being when a blood vessel becomes blocked by a blood clot, preventing oxygen from getting to a part of the brain. Clots can travel up to the brain from other parts of the body, or form in a blood vessel in the brain.
Strokes can also happen when blood vessels rupture in the brain (meaning they haemorrhage), or in the membrane which surrounds the brain. This stops blood from getting to the brain as it normally would.
The most common symptoms of stroke can be identified and remembered using the acronym FAST, which stands for:
Symptoms usually come on suddenly and while they may not be severe at first, they get worse over time, so it is important to recognise symptoms of stroke to ensure it is treated as soon as is possible.
Depending on the type of stroke, treatment differs, and it also differs depending on the area of the brain affected. Strokes are often treated with medication which attempts to dissolve the blood clot and prevent further clotting. Medication can also reduce blood pressure, and certain drugs can lower the pressure in the brain which is caused by the bleeding.
Sometimes surgery is recommended when bleeding is particularly severe. This will remove the excess blood, and in other cases it may be used to repair the rupture.
You can reduce your risk of developing a stroke by trying to keep as healthy as possible. Some conditions also increase the risk of developing a stroke, so it is important to manage medical conditions properly and as recommended. You can help prevent strokes by: