- التليف الرئوي
- التهاب القصبات المزمن
- السعال المزمن
Bronchial disease, also known as bronchitis, is inflammation of the bronchi, which are the main airways of the lungs. It causes cough with mucous and breathing difficulties. Symptoms may also include panting, chest tightness or mild fever. There are two types: acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Patients with bronchitis frequently produce cough with mucous. The mucous is produced by the inner layer of the bronchi and has a characteristically sticky quality.
Acute bronchitis: the disease usually disappears after 7-10 days; however, some symptoms, such as coughing, may persist for 2-3 weeks. If the symptoms have not subsided at the end of these periods, the specialist may consider the use of medications or antibiotics, given that bronchitis may develop into pneumonia.
Chronic bronchitis: there is no known cure. Giving up smoking is a key preventive measure. In more-complicated cases, the specialist may decide that the patient requires oxygen therapy in their everyday life.
Symptoms of bronchial disease
Symptoms vary by the type of bronchitis, acute or chronic.
The most common test is using a stethoscope to listen to the patient’s lungs while breathing. However, in the first few days, it is difficult to differentiate bronchitis from a common cold. Other tests may be performed for a more precise diagnosis:
Causes vary by the type of bronchitis, acute or chronic.
The best way to prevent bronchitis is to not smoke, whether this means stopping smoking or never starting to smoke. The more smoke is inhaled, the more diseased the lungs will become. Stopping smoking improves breathing and reduces coughing. It also lowers the risk of lung cancer.
Another measure is to avoid exposure to other substances that may be harmful, such as aerosol-based products like hairspray, spray deodorant and spray paint. Similarly, you should avoid inhaling dust or chemical vapours. One way of protecting the lungs is to use a facemask covering the mouth and nose when you use any chemical substance that gives off strong vapours, e.g. varnish or paint.
The primary objectives of specialists are to provide symptom relief and to make breathing easier. If you have acute bronchitis, the physician may advise you to rest, to hydrate sufficiently and to take aspirin or acetaminophen to reduce the fever.
Viruses are the predominant cause of acute bronchitis and as such antibiotics are useless. You may be prescribed antibiotics however if the specialist believes that you have a bacterial infection.
Use of a humidifier will make the mucous more liquid and may alleviate wheezing and lack of air. Some patients may need an inhaled medicine, which is administered via an inhaler so that the medicine can reach the lungs.
Bronchial disease is treated by a specialist in pneumology, which is the study and treatment of diseases of the lungs, bronchi and pleura. Pulmonologists and respiratory sepcialists can treat bronchitis, respiratory impairment, asthma, emphysema, and more serious diseases.