مستشفى سليمان الحبيب / التخصصيشارع التخصصي،الرحمانية، Ar Rahmaniyyah, Riyadh 12344, Saudi Arabia, الرياض
Colectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of all, or the partial sectioning, of the large intestine (colon). The colon is a long tube-shaped organ at the end of the digestive tract. A colectomy is necessary to treat or prevent diseases and conditions that affect the colon.
The following conditions may require a colectomy:
A total colectomy removes the entire large intestine. A partial colectomy, also known as a subtotal colectomy, removes only part of the colon. A hemicolectomy removes either the right or the left portion of the colon and a proctolectomy removes both the colon and the rectum.
Open vs. laparoscopic procedure for colectomy
During an open colectomy, a long incision is made in the wall of the abdomen and doctors can see the colon. In a laparoscopic-assisted colectomy, a lighted tube with a video camera is in inserted through one of several small incisions to guide the surgery.
The procedure carries a risk of serious complications, which depend on the patients' general health and the type of colectomy used to perform the operation. These complications can include:
In the days leading up to the colectomy, the doctor will suggest that the patient stops taking certain medications. Fasting before surgery is also required and drinking a solution such as a laxative that clears your bowels. In some cases, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent any infection from occurring.