مدينة الملك فهد الطبيةشارع الأمير عبد العزيز بن جلوي ، السليمانية ، السليمانية ، الرياض 11564 ، المملكة العربية السعودية, الرياض
Bone tumours are new bone tissue growths that develop due to progressive cell multiplication. There are two types of bone tumour:
Although bone tumours are more common in the legs, they can affect any bone in the body.
In terms of symptoms, the pain may not be too intense and be localised. When symptoms such as weight loss, asthenia, or fever appear, that’s when the specialist will start to suspect a malignant tumour. Patients who have advanced Ewing sarcoma may also have a fever and general malaise.
Rapid and disorganised cell growth is what causes these tumours. Therefore, knowing the causes for the growth can help identify the problem. Presently, a lot of progress has been made in identifying the origin of a tumour and experts are able to pinpoint the role of toxins, genetic disorders, viruses, and other aspects; but there is still a long way to go. Ultimately, the reason that bone tumours form remains unknown. They are often in fast-growing areas of the bone. Possible causes include:
It is presently unknown how bone tumours can be prevented. There are no known factors that may encourage them to develop, and they haven’t been associated with different diseases.
Treatment for bone tumours will depend on the severity of the symptoms, although surgery is the main type of treatment for most tumours and it may be used alongside chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Treatment for benign bone tumours is surgically removing them. In some cases this is not done, instead, regular check-ups are carried out to ensure that a tumour is stable and not growing.
Malignant bone tumours and metastases should be treated by a team of coordinated specialists: an oncologist, a radiotherapist, a pain management specialist, and the traumatologist/orthopaedist.