Aortic root surgery is the operation performed to correct aneurysms produced in that area of the aorta, which also affect the aortic valve (aortic insufficiency). Generally, this surgery contemplates both the removal of the dilated aorta portion and the replacement of the aortic valve affected with a prosthesis (which may be of different materials). This will allow the perfect circulation of the blood through this important blood vessel. The aorta leaves the heart and distributes blood throughout the body. Therefore, any type of aortic disease needs to be corrected and treated at the most convenient time for the patient, assessing the difficulties and associated risks.