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What is anatomy?

Anatomy is the structure of the human body. It looks at the organs and tissues which make up the body, how they are positioned, their size, and how they relate to one another.

Anatomy can be distinguished from physiology, which is the study of the functions of different parts of the body. However, medical students often study both interchangeably.

Anatomy can be divided into two types, corresponding to the methods involved:


Why is the study of anatomy important in medicine?

Anatomy is one of the “basic sciences” studied by medical students and the most important in clinical application. Knowledge of the organs, tissues and cells which make up the body is essential for: